Alcohol Extraction

[ al-kuh-hawl, -hol ik-strak-shuhn ] The process of using alcohol as the solvent to extract compounds from a plant material.

Analytical Testing

The process of evaluating the chemical composition and purity of a sample.

Auditing and Review

The process of evaluating the operations and documentation to ensure compliance with established standards.

Closed-loop Extraction System

A type of extraction system that recycles solvents and minimizes waste.


A piece of equipment used in the extraction process to separate compounds based on size and polarity.


The final product of the extraction process, which contains high levels of THC and/or CBD. Decarboxylation The process of heating cannabis to activate the psychoactive compounds THC and CBD. Distillation The process of separating a mixture of compounds based on boiling points.


The process of recording information about the extraction process, including SOPs, quality control records, and analytical results.

Emergency Response

The actions taken in response to a potentially hazardous situation, such as a fire. Fire Prevention The measures taken to minimize the risk of a fire occurring.

Hazardous Material

Handling The procedures for safely handling and disposing of hazardous materials, such as solvents. High-Pressure CO2 Extractor A type of extraction machine that uses CO2 as the solvent.

HPLC High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

a analytical technique used to separate and quantify compounds in a sample.

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

A document that provides information on the properties and hazards of a chemical or material.

PPE Personal Protective Equipment

Such as gloves and respirators, used to protect the user from potential hazards.


The process of separating individual compounds from a mixture.


The process of incorporating extract into another substance, such as butter or oil, to create a final product.

Quality Control

The process of evaluating the quality of the final product to ensure it meets established standards.

Record Keeping

The process of maintaining accurate records about the extraction process and final product. Revision Control The process of tracking changes made to the SOP and other documentation.

Sample Collection

The process of collecting a representative sample of the final product for testing and analysis. Solvent A chemical used to extract compounds from a plant material.

Solvent Recovery

The process of reclaiming solvents after use to minimize waste.

SOP Standard Operating Procedure

A document that outlines the procedures and processes used in the extraction process.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Chemical substances that easily evaporate at room temperature and can have harmful effects on the environment and human health.

Terpenes Volatile

Organic compounds that give plants their characteristic scent and flavor. Testing and Analysis The process of examining and evaluating the quality, purity, and potency of extracted cannabis products.

Thorough Cleaning

The process of thoroughly cleaning equipment and materials to ensure that no residue or contaminants are present.

THC Tetrahydrocannabinol

A psychoactive compound found in cannabis.


The ability to track the journey of a product from its origin to its final destination.


The process of changing from one state or phase to another, such as transitioning from one extraction method to another.

Tolerance Limit

The maximum amount of a specific substance that is allowed in a product before it is considered unacceptable.


The process of removing fats and lipids from the extract.


The process of confirming that a product or process meets its intended requirements and specifications. Verification The process of checking and confirming that a product or process is consistent with its intended specifications.


Oven A piece of equipment used to remove solvents from the final product.


The series of tasks and processes that are required to complete a specific job or project.


A solvent used in extraction and processing to dissolve and extract specific compounds from plant material.


The process of determining the specific areas where cannabis cultivation and processing can take place, based on local regulations and laws.


A water pipe used for smoking marijuana. Bongs are available in various sizes and shapes and are typically made of glass.


The flower of the cannabis plant that is used for recreational or medicinal purposes. The term "bud" is a general slang term for marijuana.

BHO (Butane Hash Oil)

A potent cannabis concentrate made by dissolving marijuana plant material in a solvent, typically using butane. BHO is very high in THC and produces a thick oil also known as honey oil. Using BHO, also known as wax or shatter, is referred to as dabs or dabbing.


A plant species that is commonly used for recreational or medicinal purposes. Cannabis is also known as marijuana and has several slang terms including pot, ganja, weed, and Mary Jane. It can be smoked, eaten, vaporized, dabbed or applied to the skin.

CBD (Cannabidiol)

A chemical compound found in cannabis that is believed to have medical benefits. CBD is one of the main elements of cannabinoids, has low potency, and does not produce psychoactive effects.


Very potent substances made by dissolving marijuana plant material in a solvent. Concentrates are high in THC and produce products like thick oils (BHO), budder, wax, or shatter.


Slang terms for using cannabis concentrates, such as BHO or wax, usually inhaled through a vaporizer or pipe.


Food and drinks prepared with marijuana for consumption. Edibles and medibles are a popular alternative to smoking marijuana.


A number that has become associated with marijuana use and sometimes signifies the date April 20, which is linked to cannabis. Similarly, 710 and July 10 can be associated with OIL (710 upside-down).


A cannabis resin from the top of the plant that is used for recreational and medicinal consumption. It is usually very strong and can be smoked, chewed or swallowed.

Hash Oil

A concentrated form of cannabis that is usually produced with a chemical solvent. Hash oil is also known as honey oil and is very potent.

  • A variety of the cannabis plant grown for its fiber. Hemp is non-psychoactive and is not used for recreational purposes.
  • Joint: marijuana cigarette rolled in paper, also known as a spliff, reefer, blunt, etc.

A plant species commonly used for recreational or medicinal purposes. Marijuana has several slang terms including pot, ganja, weed, and Mary Jane. It can be smoked, eaten, vaporized, dabbed, or applied to the skin.


Food and drinks prepared with marijuana for consumption. Edibles and medibles are a popular alternative to smoking marijuana.

Oil Rig

A pipe with a heated nail used to vaporize and inhale cannabis concentrates, such as BHO or wax. The use of an oil rig requires heat from a torch.


Any equipment or accessory made for using or concealing drugs, typically for recreational purposes. Examples include bongs, pipes, scales, and oil rigs.


A device used for smoking marijuana. Pipes can be made of different materials, but glass pipes are the most popular.


A slang term for marijuana.


The strength of marijuana, usually measured by the amount of THC. The potency of marijuana has increased in recent years, with some strains containing 25% or more THC.


The ratio of THC in a cannabis product and the absence of additives and chemicals.


A pipe with a heated nail used to vaporize and inhale cannabis concentrates, such as BHO or wax. The use of a rig requires heat


The number 710 is commonly associated with hash oil, as it spells OIL when turned upside down. It can also refer to July 10th, which is linked to hash oil use. Similarly, 420 and April 20th are often associated with cannabis consumption.


Shatter is a concentrated, transparent form of cannabis that resembles amber-colored glass when cold. It has a high THC content and is often used in dabbing.


Skunk refers to the distinct odor of cannabis, which is similar to the smell of a skunk.


THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive component in cannabis responsible for its "high" effects.


A tincture is a liquid extract of cannabis that is typically administered using a dropper. They are often flavored and can be ingested directly or mixed with a drink. Tinctures are usually low in potency and primarily used for medicinal purposes.


A topical is a cannabis-infused product, such as a lotion or cream, that is applied directly to the skin and absorbed.

Vape Pen

A vape pen is a small, pen-shaped vaporizer that can be used with cannabis oil, wax, shatter, or leaves. They are often disposable and easy to conceal, as the vapor produced has little odor.


Vaporizing or vaping involves using a battery-operated device, such as a handheld or plug-in vaporizer or vape pen, to heat and evaporate cannabis without combustion. It is commonly used for dabbing marijuana concentrates.


Wax is a concentrated form of cannabis, similar to BHO (see above).


Weed is a slang term for marijuana and cannabis.


becoming accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions


having the form of a fine spray or colloidal suspension in the air

Air Circulation

the movement of air in a room

Arborist's Rule of Thirds

removing one out of every three branches when overlapping

Auxiliary Shoot

a leaf sprout that develops in the axil of a plant, which is the angle formed by the upper side of the stem and an outgrowing leaf or branch

Batch (Plant / Production)

identifying number assigned to a lot of products prior to becoming finished products


procedures intended to protect humans or animals against disease or harmful biological agents Blackout Curtain horizontal and vertical drapes intended to block all light from an area


process of removing flower, trim and leaves from the stalk


outer part of the bud that contains pistils and stigmas, and produce high proportions of cannabis' volatile compounds


the highest layer of leaves and biomass across an individual or a group of plants that normally produces the largest buds/colas on the plant and receives the highest light intensity


opening jars of curing product periodically before resealing in order to refresh air from containers and release accumulated moisture and carbon dioxide

Chain of Custody Tracking

the order and record keeping system in which plants and packages have been handled during the normal course of cultivation operations


an asexual replication of a cell or plant from one ancestor or mother stock

Clone Dome

translucent covering for clone trays that is used to house cannabis clones or seedlings to create a warm, humid environment optimal for growth


pivotal component of plant photosynthesis; coupled with water in the plant cell to produce oxygen and glucose

Coco Coir

coconut fiber used as a soilless growth media in many types of cultivation environments Cola a cluster of buds that grow together on female cannabis plants


drying and aging harvested cannabis flower and trim material to allow for the decay/consumption of plant sugars and chlorophyll before finalization of products


stems of the plant that are cut off in order to be rooted and grown into a new plant (clone)


removing older, large fan / water leaves from plants to encourage higher energy efficiency of the plant

Dry Back

 level in which plants consume the water / nutrients capable of being held in its rootball and growth media

E.C. electrical conductivity

describes the concentration of mineral salts in a nutrient solution

Even Airflow

air flowing evenly throughout and around leaves/stems unhindered by congestion, eliminating areas where air will stagnate.

Flower / Bloom

phase in which plants grow their buds; usually 8-9 week maturation time requiring restricted light levels in photoperiod based cultivars


ceasing nutrient delivery to plants, instead providing only water to encourage the plant to use its stored nutrients during its final week of growth

Fan / Water Leaves

large, primary leaves of the plant that are not near colas and do not accrue trichomes Fertigation including nutrients in the water delivered to plants


traits of a cannabis cultivar that control plant development, growth and definite its cannabinoid, terpene and volatile component profiles


Waste leaves, clippings, branches, stems, root balls, etc that do not contain or exhibit resin growth Herbicide substance used to control unwanted vegetation or weeds


substance used to kill fungi, fungal spores, and/or fungal infections


a mixture in which all components are equally sized and/or mixed and evenly distributed together HVAC-D heating, ventilation, air conditioning and dehumidification

Internode / Internodal

space between nodes on stems of the plant


an organism that carries both male and female reproductive organs


materials that provide support to the plants' roots and provide a place for the plant to grow Miticide pesticide substances that are formulated to target plant mites


taking place within a particular growth phase

Mother plants

with desireable traits that are used as stock for clone production


substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, repelling, destroying or mitigating pests Petiole place where a stem or leaf attaches to the stalk or stem


measure of a substance's acidic or alkaline level

Node joints (knuckles)

that connect new stem offshoots with more prominent stalks and stems of the plant Nutes elements and nutrients required by plants to thrive and develop


reproductive organ of the female cannabis plant


personal protective equipment


physical expression of a particular cultivar's genetics


creation and finishing of recently created or cloned plants Pruning selective removal of plant leaves to encourage higher energy efficiencies in the plant

Red-Stemmed Leaves

older leaves that have been exposed to light for an extended period and used as an indicator of age in most cases

Progressive Harvesting

harvesting the buds on the plant that are ready, so the less developed buds on the plant receive more energy.

Reportable Activities

any activity involving cannabis plant matter, extract, merchandise, etc. that must be recorded and/or reported in METRC, or equivalent.


respiratory protection that filters particulates and harmful substances from the environment RH relative humidity

REI return entry interval

to describe the time period in which entrance to a recently treated space is restricted

Rooting Cubes

small rockwool or peat cubes intended for initial support for rooting clones or seedlings

Shade Curtain

horizontal and vertical drapes intended to block a portion of light from an area


sterile, sponge-like stone medium that provides drainage and supports root development Root Ball network of roots that are integrated and attached to the medium

Main Stem

Stem skeletal part of the plant that supports leaves, buds and colas

Strain / Cultivar

the variety of the cannabis plant that exhibits desirable traits


rises directly from the room and are a part of the plants shoot system

Sugar Leaves

small, protective leaves that cannabis buds grow around as the plant flowers


Shoot the main or dominant stem / stalk of the plant that is responsible for most new growth Topping cutting the main stalk of the plant to encourage more lateral growth, increasing yield and crop uniformity


hair-like strands that are found on the pistil intended to collect pollen from male cannabis plants


appendages on the surface of buds and flower that produce and hold the plant's cannabinoids, terpenes and other volatile compounds; most predominantly found in buds


moving plants from one growth media, whether by size or type or both, to another as the plant matures


Netting framed net or screen with a lattice pattern that can be positioned vertically or horizontally to maximize available grow space and light penetration


The biomass growing halfway up the plant, below the main canopy.

VPD Vapor Pressure Deficit

appendages on the surface of buds and flower that produce and hold the plant's cannabinoids, terpenes and other volatile compounds; most predominantly found in buds


phase after propagation and before flowering; plants prepare the majority of their foliage and root systems needed to develop healthy, abundant flower